Back pain occurs when the bones, joints, ligaments or muscles of the spine become strained, rupture, tear, or irritate nerves. Upper back pain and lower back pain can occur in people of all ages and can be caused by a variety of culprits. Don’t suffer from back pain one more day.
Some diseases of the spine that cause back pain are:
Degenerative Disc Disease – Degenerative Disc Disease describes the symptoms of pain and possibly radiating weakness or numbness stemming from a degenerated disc in the spine.
Sciatica – Sciatica is a medical condition of pain going down the leg from the lower back. This pain may go down the back, outside, or front of the leg. Typically, symptoms are only on one side of the body. Certain causes, however, may result in pain on both sides. Lower back pain is sometimes but not always present. Weakness or numbness may occur in various parts of the leg and foot.
Radiculitis – Radicular pain, or radiculitis, is pain "radiated" along the dermatome (sensory distribution) of a nerve due to inflammation or other irritation of the nerve root (radiculopathy) at its connection to the spinal column. It can occur in the arms or legs.
Facet Arthritis – Facet Joint Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) can cause breakdown of cartilage between the facet joints. When the joints move, the lack of the cartilage causes pain as well as loss of motion and stiffness. The facet joints are located in the back portion (posterior) of the spine.
Spinal Stenosis – Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of spaces in the spine (backbone) which causes pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. About 75% of cases of spinal stenosis occur in the low back (lumbar spine).
Compression Fractures - The type of fracture in the spine that is typically caused by osteoporosis is generally referred to as a compression fracture. A compression fracture is usually defined as a vertebral bone in the spine that has decreased at least 15 to 20% in height due to fracture.
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